Robinhood remains to be on observe for a scorching IPO regardless of the GameStop controversy


Avishek Das | LightRocket | Getty Photographs

Robinhood is recovering from weeks of buyer backlash, and a public grilling by Congress over the GameStop controversy. Regardless of that, the buying and selling app’s consumer development, model recognition and valuation seem like stronger than ever.

Demand for Robinhood shares in non-public markets is surging. The beginning-up possible benefitted from headlines and mentions by politicians and celebrities. In the meantime, the app gained 3 million customers final month alone, in keeping with estimates from JMP Securities.

“From a model recognition perspective, who would not know who Robinhood is?” Greg Martin, of Rainmaker Securities, informed CNBC. “Regardless of some constructive and damaging press, everybody on this planet is aware of who Robinhood is. They could not have higher free promoting.”

Robinhood, the app that pioneered zero-commission buying and selling, remains to be seen as the principle gateway for younger traders to entry the markets. It’s anticipated to go public in 2021 amid robust demand for fintech shares akin to Sq., PayPal and Affirm.

Bids for pre-IPO shares of Robinhood spiked in the course of the GameStop mania final month, in keeping with Rainmaker, which offers financing for shares of pre-IPO corporations. Demand additionally rose after Robinhood CEO Vlad Tenev appeared in entrance of Congress final week, and it is essentially the most bid-upon inventory Rainmaker sees within the secondary market proper now. The elevated demand is one vote of confidence for Tenev as he navigates a public relations and regulatory disaster.

To make sure, these bids will not be assured. However they are usually a very good proxy for investor curiosity in corporations at a sure worth. One of the vital latest bids this week was for shares of Robinhood at $52 per share — up from round $15 in September.

Personal market valuations are sometimes opaque. They’re primarily based by the worth of fairness somebody invests as a share of the corporate and laborious to calculate with out data of a startup’s property and excellent shares. However primarily based on that step-up in bid costs, one investor informed CNBC that Robinhood’s valuation could possibly be as excessive as $40 billion — greater than triple its final publicly disclosed quantity.

“With the quantity of capital they now have I count on the corporate would be the dominant brokerage going ahead and I feel the market will acknowledge that,” Martin mentioned. “The valuation could possibly be very giant within the very close to future which bodes properly for an IPO.”

Robinhood declined to touch upon IPO timing and valuation.

The Silicon Valley start-up discovered itself in the course of a firestorm final month amid the quick squeeze in GameStop, which was partially pushed by Reddit-obsessed retail traders. On the peak of GameStop’s rise, the millennial-favored buying and selling app restricted buying and selling of sure securities because of elevated capital necessities from Robinhood’s clearing homes.

Demand from Silicon Valley

Robinhood’s determination to limit buying and selling was met with outrage from merchants on-line. Nonetheless, its non-public traders flocked to again the corporate. Some enterprise capitalists chargeable for the $3.4 billion in emergency capital cited the app’s capacity so as to add extra prospects amid the buying and selling turmoil.

Three of Robinhood’s non-public investors said there was “robust demand” to get a chunk of the corporate, even because it stared down a public relations and regulatory disaster.

The financing got here within the type of convertible debt, sources mentioned. That can convert to fairness when brokerage goes public, and people traders will get a 30% low cost to the market worth. One enterprise capitalist informed CNBC that he and fellow traders believed the corporate was going to IPO comparatively quickly, and the debt spherical was an opportunity to “get in at a reduction.”

JMP Securities’ Devin Ryan estimates that Robinood’s complete accounts at the moment are nearer to 23 million, together with the three million gained in January and 10 million customers added in 2020 as investing from residence boomed in the course of the pandemic.

Within the Congressional listening to final week, Robinhood CEO Vlad Tenev mentioned the corporate had delivered greater than $35 billion of realized features to traders, which means massive development in prospects and buyer property. Its common account measurement is about $5,000, the corporate mentioned.

Vlad Tenev, Robinhood

Supply: Robinhood

Tenev, who co-founded Robinhood eight years in the past, answered questions from members of the Home Monetary Providers Committee for greater than 5 hours final Thursday. The Robinhood chief was tempered in his responses, and calmly defined the billions in money injections had been to stop a liquidity disaster from taking place.

One investor, who requested to not be named as a result of firm technique was non-public, mentioned Tenev’s testimony “went properly” regardless of being “painful to observe at instances,” because of various levels of understanding of Robinhood’s enterprise mannequin from these in Washington.

“Robinhood emerged from this — there definitely was successful on the corporate however we’re absolutely dedicated to working by way of that.”

One other investor informed CNBC that usually, Robinood backers “are feeling fairly good” about Tenev’s efficiency. After 48 hours of the GameStop saga, he mentioned it was clear the Twitter backlash was “insular” as the corporate continued so as to add tons of of hundreds of latest accounts that week.

“Development has been nice, regardless of Robinhood taking the brunt of press and questions from Congress —Vlad’s finished an ideal job, and pretty much as good as he may have finished given the state of affairs,” he mentioned. “He was sitting on the nexus of doubtless pissing off regulators, prospects and rivals.”

Some analysts count on new regulation may hinder the authorized, however controversial, observe of fee for order movement, hurting the IPO’s prospects. Nevertheless, Robinhood traders say its worth lies in consumer engagement, not the income mannequin. Buyers pointed to its place on the prime of the app retailer, even because it was limiting prospects from buying and selling sure shares.

“It is the quickest rising client app, and has higher engagement than social media,” one other investor informed CNBC. “Nearly all of these new merchants will not be buying and selling GameStop.”

Robinhood customers … investing in Robinhood?

Some critics, most notably Barstool CEO Dave Portnoy, consider Robinhood’s model, constructed on democratizing investing, will not survive the GameStop buying and selling halts.

Nevertheless, many count on retail demand for Robinhood’s providing to be robust, given its the car that lets rookie traders entry the inventory market with little friction.

Robinhood may hit the general public markets by the use of a direct itemizing or by way of a special-purpose acquisition firm, individuals aware of the non-public dealings informed Bloomberg News. It has additionally reportedly thought of permitting traders on its platform to take a position immediately within the Robinhood IPO.

Airbnb adopted an identical playbook by providing shares to their hosts, and the inventory traded up on the IPO due to retail participation. Snowflake was one other IPO that surged on its first day, which some speculate was because of individuals discounting retail thirst for the title.

With a public debut in thoughts, Robinhood is now speaking about the way forward for the investing growth it helped spark. Some analysts have floated the thought of Robinhood’s capacity to launch extra banking merchandise, and even mortgages on the millennial-focused app.

The long run, in keeping with Tenev, can also contain extra brokerage companies merging inventory buying and selling and social media on the identical platform, he informed Andrew Ross Sorkin on the Dealbook DC Coverage convention this week. Brokerage companies SoFi and Public already provide this characteristic.

As for what occurred with GameStop, Tenev referred to as it a “5-sigma” occasion — that means a few 1 in 3.5 million likelihood of occurring. Robinhood ought to have sufficient capital now to cope with regulatory necessities related to frenzied buying and selling, he mentioned.

However the GameStop volatility would not appear to be going away. Buyers poured again into the brick-and-mortar retailer Wednesday, sending shares up greater than 100%.

— with reporting from CNBC’s Crystal Mercedes.